A personal injury attorney is an attorney who offers legal representation to those who contend to have been injured, either physically or psychologically, due to the negligence of another human being, business, government agency or some other entity. Personal injury attorneys specialize in the area of civil law commonly referred to as tort law. Civil cases are those that involve damages and claims against people, businesses, or government agencies for breach of contract, negligence, wrongful death, or damages resulting from acts supposedly performed by another. Civil cases are also those that are settled outside of court usually through negotiation.
One form of civil action is a lawsuit. In these cases, personal injury attorneys representing their clients file suits or petitions in court challenging alleged negligence on the part of someone else. Personal injuries may include injuries sustained in an auto accident, slip, or fall or any other mishap. These cases are usually tried before a judge or a jury. Attorneys who try such lawsuits usually require the services of expert witnesses in order to prove their clients’ case.
Another type of civil lawsuit is the claim for damages on account of injuries sustained from the negligence or fault of another. When an individual sustains injuries as the result of another person’s, business, or government agency’s negligence or fault, they may submit a claim for damages to a person or entity responsible for such negligence. The party providing the compensation called the defendant, may deny the claim. In this case, the personal injury attorney of the victim would present his or her client with a settlement offer. The amount of the settlement offer may vary depending on the gravity of the case.
A contingency fee arrangement is another common agreement reached between the victim and the defendant’s insurance company. In this arrangement, the personal injury attorney takes on the representation of his or her client after the latter’s compensation has been paid. If the case goes to trial, the attorney will take on the cost of the defense without getting paid from the insurance company. This is the most common scenario involving an out-of-court settlement.
There are many more scenarios that may call for the employment of a personal injury attorney. For instance, a worker may be suing his or her employer after sustaining injuries at work due to negligence on the part of the employer. A worker may also be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits after being injured at work. A personal injury lawyer may handle such a case, too. He or she will do his or her best to help his or her client get the most generous settlement possible.
Slip-and-fall accidents are not the only types of accidents that require the expertise of a personal injury attorney. Many individuals injure themselves while engaging in ordinary activities. They may accidentally bump their head on a sidewalk sign or trip on a broken piece of furniture at home. Such mishaps may cause whiplash or temporary disability, but sometimes, they also lead to permanent injuries like brain damage, spinal cord injuries, and even death.